The answers of Agastya Muni to the generic questions posted by devotees can be found here.
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[From the 210th episode of the Tamil series]
The Jyotish shashtra says that those who are born intelligent are due to the grace of Lord Budha. To shine in studies, to win debates, to have a never-reducing energy supply, to excel in all the arts, Lord Budha helps. His grace is required even to live healthy. Hence they say that ‘Even if one gets gold, one can’t get Budhvar’.
He resides in the North-Eastern side of Surya. Lord Vishnu resides on the right side of Budha and any prayers done to Budha reaches Lord Vishnu as well. He is the fourth in the week days. Those who want to excel by chanting a mantra, those who want to attain fame by writing poems, should pray to Lord Budha.
Guru Bhagwan’s wife Tara visited Chandra’s house and was carried away by his beauty. She had forgotten her husband Guru for a while. Guru was occupied in his penance to Lord Shiva and hence he did not mind much about Tara. Chandra took this as an advantage and started living with Tara for sometime. Guru woke up from his penance and started looking for Tara. She left Chandra and reached Guru then, and she was pregnant too.
Eventually she gave birth to a child and named him Budha. As the child was born in a time frame that did not match the marital life and pregnancy due, Guru began to doubt on who the father of this child was. The Puranas say that Lord Brahma clarified Guru’s doubt that the child was indeed the son of Chandra.
Lord Brahma called Budha and asked him to ‘sit near Surya’ and he did so. He circumumbulated Mount Meru just as Surya and did severe penance to Lord Shiva thereby attaining the status of being one of the 9 grahas. One of the Shiva Linga that Budha installed is still in Kashi. Due to his severe penance again, he was made the commander of 5th Kanda of Rig Veda as per Iyengar Bhagavatha.
As he bestows intelligence to humans, he is Budhdhi Dhata and as he enhances intelligence, he is called Budhdhi Vivardhana. Dhanapradha, Dayakara, Tara Putra Danya Pashupradha are some of his names. As he is beautiful, he is also called Kancha Nethra, Manohara, Sowmya Murthy as well.
If one prays to Budha on the troubles faced through other Grahas, Budha will come to your rescue. Only he has that capacity to do so where he is reverred with the special name of
‘Graha Peedaa Hara’
The second Mantra of the 137th Shuktha in the 20th Kanda of Atharvana Veda is about Lord Indra. The devata for this mantra is Budha.
He is an expert in debates. He is well versed in Business. Thiruvenkadu is an important place where Budha worshipped. The other one is Thiruvalavaai aka Madurai. To reach Thiruvenkadu, one can go from Vaideeswaran Kovil railway station or from Seerkazhi railway station. One of the trimurthi here is Agoramurthi.
One can see Lord Shiva in His form, in standing posture only here. There is a special artha jama pooja being conducted till date to the Agora Murthi in the midnight of Sunday. The three eyes of Lord Shiva is represented as Surya, Chandra and Agni. This temple has three thirtha (holy pond) called Soma Thirtha, Surya Thirtha and Agni Thirtha.
Budha worshipped Lord Shiva here, just so the people worship this Lord for excellency in the arts.
Similarly, the Sokkanadha temple of Madurai, the Meenakshi Amman Temple is a Budha Sthala. They say that Lord Shiva took a dip in the pond of golden lotus here and then transformed Himself to a Linga. As Budha got the darshan of Lord Shiva here, this temple has another speciality.
Budha is seated in the north-eastern side of Surya in the Mandala which appears like a Baana as a golden statue facing north. He gets the radiance from Surya and is the reason for the plants and herbs in the earth to be green. He likes eatables that are green. He is pleased when offered the Green Gram.
The Jyotish shashtra praises Lord Budha. He has the radiance as that of the bud of Gnazhal flower. He is matchless in appearance and beauty. He is the source of Debate, Math, Medicinal science etc., He is the Lord of arts such as Drama, Dance, Books etc., He is the lord of all 64 arts. He is the source of all that happens in relation to the nerves.
He is as white as the milk, likes various edible items, Rajasic in nature, he is Emerald in gems. He is the lord of the art of gardening.
He is earth in the Pancha Boota’s (five elements). He is of the northern direction. He gives good results when joined with good graha effects and bad results when joined with bad graha effects. He is said to be eunuch in grahas. Jyotish shashtra is very special to him. He is the bestower of ‘vaak’ for the astrologers’ saying to come true. He goes around in a horse.
He is the lord of Mithuna and Kanni rashi. Meenam is his neecha house and Kanni is his uchcha house. Surya and Shukra are his friends. Guru and Shani are equal to him. Chandra is his enemy as per Jyotish shashtra. He is bronze in metal and in the fourth order. He is the lord of Ayilya, Kettai and Revathi stars. His number as per the Jyotish shashtra is 5.
He blesses the children to talk without babbling, when they are in the age of speaking, when worn a green stone based ornaments in their ears.
The Gayatri mantra for Budha is:
Gaja Twajaya Vidhmahe Suka Hasthaya Dheemahi
Thanno Budha Prachothayaath!
Those who chant the Gayatri mantra of Budha will be bestowed with intelligence, power, wisdom and they will be respected in assemblies. Those who want to excel in every arts, they can chant the following verse from Soundarya Lahari:
Savithribeer vaachaam sasimani silabanga ruchipi
Vachin yaath yaapees thvaam saha janani sanchintha thayadhiya!
Sakarthaa kaavyaanaam bavathi mahathaam pangi supagai:
Vasopir vaakdevi vadhana kamalaamoodha madhurai.
For Budha’s navagraha Shanthi, if one prays to Lord Rama or Lord Vishnu or when one wears green silk, emerald etc., or when one offers gold or green gram, the dosha gets rectified.
The color of Budha – Green
The gemstone of Budha – Emerald
The Devata for Budha – Lord Vishnu
The bodily part of Budha – Nerves
What is he the lord of – Vaak (speech and related)
Featured image courtesy: Astroscience.co.in
~ to be continued…!