The GOS 214 – Perumal & Adiyen 14 – The plan of Kali

The Grace of Siddha series can be read here.

The answers of Agastya Muni to the generic questions posted by devotees can be found here.

The readers are requested to send their spiritual experiences related to the Siddhas to GnanaBoomi at Gmail dot com. Though the experiences are unique and personal to them, it can shower some light or guidance to those who read them. Thanks!

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Kali was disappointed with the way his plans were devastated. He began to think deeply about a strategy through which he can establish himself strongly. He chose a mountain in the southern side of Tirumala, went deep in a jungle and began to think. The incidents of Varahamithra, how his plan was defeated in killing that Munivar, in case of Vrushabasura – all came to his mind.

His objective was to create chaos, make people deviate from the dharmic way of life, to make them fight with each other and finally, the total destruction of dharma and establishing adharma. He realized that as long as the women’s thought process of freedom can be disturbed, he could turn around the situation to his favor. If the women start thinking that freedom is ‘doing whatever and whenever they please, to think of chastity and being truthful to their spouses is an act of suppression, and doing the very things that the shastras calls derogatory in an expression of they being free, Kali’s job will be easily done as the women are the powerful species who can make or break the humans.

Though it is not a big task to uproot a tree, making a hole or infect it with deadly insects is a simpler route as the tree will fall by iteslf then. Kali knew that he cannot go to direct combat with the Lord Almighty, but the humans are mere mortals and it made more sense to infect them to achieve his objectives. He thought he should get closer to them and know their weaknesses and manipulate it.

If their thought process is disturbed, they naturally will deviate from being devoted. He liked the concept of the jungle bees who put a hole in such a big tree. While he was thinking all these, there flew a number of ‘Garuda’s, united yet independent, majestic. He was frustrated at that sight for some reasons. Then he devised a plan to meet Garuda, the personal vehicle of Lord Vishnu and to corrupt him. If this is done successfully, thought Kali – his work is half done in winning Vishnu.

He went directly to Garuda’s house in disguise. Garuda’s wife enquired who he was and where he is from. He said he was a guest and that he does not have a shelter of his own or a family.

Garuda’s wife said, “While your appearance is of an old man, the way you talk has some evil motives!”

“O! If my words have hurt you, I apologize..”

“You haven’t done any crime or anything. But I felt within that your speech does not reflect the wisdom of a Gnani or the humbleness of a guest. May I know the reason why you came here?”

“You are the wife of Garuda himself, who is the personal vehicle of Lord Vishnu.”

“Yes”

“Lord Narayana protects everybody. But your husband protects Lord Narayana himself.”

“What are you bloughing?”

“It will indeed sound like bloughing now. You will know the truth in it eventually.”

“Old man, you are a guest.”

“Yes.”

“My task here is done after I gave you food, some clothes and a few grains.”

“It is true”

“But you are interfering in unnecessary things. You are talking ill of my husband and the Lord who protects everybody. These are not good qualities of an Athithi (guest)”

“O Lady. I pledge in the name of my creator Brahma, I did not come with any evil intentions you mentioned. You know everything. But in spite of it…” – paused Kali.

“What are you saying?”

“It is a practise to welcome an Athithi, wash his feet, offer him fruits and vegetables and show hospitality right?”

“Who said no?”

“You said everything about Athithi in your words, but you haven’t shown any of those in action.”

Garuda’s wife began to laugh.

“Why are you laughing?” – asked Kali.

“I somehow felt in my mind that you are not an Athithi. Your actions were confirming it too. Hence I did not give you the respect and hospitality that is normally given to guests. But since you have mentioned yourself, I have to show you some hospitality. Please come in.”

Kali went inside the house of Garuda, the mightiest bird who is considered to be equal to Indra in the bird kingdom. Garuda’s wife did not notice that along with Kali, Shaneeshwara entered her house by residing in Kali’s feet. Her mind however felt that a large dark form entered her house majestically. She also felt that Dhairya Lakshmi telling her ‘We have surrendered to Lord Narayana himself. The Lord of Tirumala will be with me and I do not have to fear anything.”

Kali ate food at Garuda’s house. To show the respect and hospitality, Garuda’s wife fell at his feet for Ashirwad. Kali said:

“O noble one! Let all the auspiciousness happen to you. I however would feel guilty if I don’t say what I felt. If you permit, I shall say.”

“You are an aged guest. You are like my father in age. You aren’t going to say anything ill minded, are you? You can say what you want to say without fear”

“Where is Garuda? He is not to be seen?”

“Why, will you say it only when he is here?”

“No no! I have to tell this only to you. Do you know where your husband is now? He is enjoying himself in the private chambers of Indra Loka with the Yuvarani (princess) there. How will you know it?”

Garuda’s wife felt the last few words like a cut from a sharp sword.

~ to be continued…!

Featured image courtesy: Srikanth Photography

The GOS 213 – Perumal & Adiyen 13 – the second hill, Vrushabadri!

The Grace of Siddha series can be read here.

The answers of Agastya Muni to the generic questions posted by devotees can be found here.

The readers are requested to send their spiritual experiences related to the Siddhas to GnanaBoomi at Gmail dot com. Though the experiences are unique and personal to them, it can shower some light or guidance to those who read them. Thanks!

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As Agastya sprinkled the holy water on Vrushabasura, he was surrounded and consumed by Agni, he struggled so much in the fire and what remained there was his ashes. Lord Shiva was looking at it quietly as Agastya Muni was weaving his beard with a smile. Right then, ten Vrushabasuras came out of the ashes! Agastya did not expect this but the Lord knew it, He also knew that the demons might jump at Agastya anytime. Hence He pulled Agastya to His side and thought of Lord Venkatava for a moment.

The Lord Venkatava stopped all the ten demons with His Sudarshana Chakra to prevent any disaster caused by him. Lord Shiva thought that the demon’s end has come and the earth will be saved. The demons jumped from earth to sky with the only intention of crushing Agastya Muni. The demons were happy that they were not harmed by Lord Shiva and that Lord Venkatava came in front of them Himself, they roared out of happiness. They threw the rocks and mountains, uprooted the trees and made the place like a battlefield.

The wild animals ran for their lives. Agastya has never seen such a site, but Lord Mahadeva was quietly witnessing all these. Lord Venkatava stopped their every wild actions. Now the anger of all the ten demons fell on Venkatava and so they began to attack him. There ensued a fierce battle and just as a snake shows it ferociousness many times before it bows its head down, the demons became very tired at the end where Lord Venkatava used His Sudarsana Chakra. All ten fell down and within seconds, the nine others disappeared. The one Vrushabasura in his last breath, bowed to Lord Vishnu.

“What do you want?” – asked Madhava.

“I pray to hold on to your holy feet at all times.”

“I shall give you Moksha right here.”

“No need Prabo! I would like your darshan every single time…for that…”

“Yes, say it”

“The Tirumala Venkata Hills that is becoming very famous now, I need a separate place. The devotees who come to have your darshan should step on my back and proceed. Please grant me this boon.”

“You are very different in all aspects. You prayed to Lord Shiva to get more powers, troubled the earth and deva loka for a long time. Now you are asking for Moksha to me.”

“You have granted Moksha to many a demons O Lord! I am desperate to join in that list.”

“You could have obtained the Moksha through devotion as well? Why didn’t you take that path? You were about to attack the son of Lord Shiva, Agastya the dearest!”

“It was the order of Kali Purusha, my Lord!”

“Where is he? If only I can subdue him, that should be enough!” – roared Agastya Muni.

“Have patience O Agastya! Kali has only began his actions. I know what all he is about to do. I pity the humans in Earth.” – said Lord Narayana and looked mercifully at the demon Vrushabasura who was struggling for life.

“I shall grant you Moksha to you who danced to the tunes of Kali Purusha.”

“No Lord! I would still like to have your darshan and to fight with you all the time.”

“What do you mean?”

“Please name one of the seven hills of Tirumala with my name. Till the end of Kali Yuga, every devotee who comes to have your darshan should say my name and come.”

“That’s all right? The second head of Adi Sesha hereafter will be called as Vrushaba. Enough?”

“What else do I want Swami? I will help those who come to have your darshan by having them step on my back. This is enough for me.” – Vrushabasura touched the holy feet of Lord Narayana and breathed his last.

Lord Shiva was pleased at the mercy of Lord Vishnu. Agastya Muni bowed to Lord Vishnu who looked at Lord Shiva and said with a laugh…

“O Three Eyed One! You have been so merciful as always and granted him the boon and thereby pulled me here. Now I ended up doing your aspect of work (destruction). Please grant me a boon that no one should think that ‘Vishnu will also do Samhara (the destruction)”

Lord Shiva replied, “How could I? Who knows what else will Kali do?” – smiled the Lord meaningfully.

~ to be continued…!

Featured image courtesy: Ribhuv

வேதம் அனைத்துக்கும் வித்தாகும் கோதைத் தமிழ்

ஞானபூமி இக்கட்டுரையை அன்புடன் தந்தனுப்பிய திரு. ராமபத்ரன் அவர்களுக்கு நன்றிகளைத் தெரிவித்துக் கொள்கிறது.

நம்முடைய மதம் ஹிந்து மதம். இது வைதீக மதம் ஆகும். இதன் பொருள், வேதம்தான் நம் மதத்தின் அடிப்படை என்பதே. வேதம் இந்த உலகம் தோன்றுவதற்கு முன்பிலிருந்தே இருக்கின்றது. மற்ற மதங்கள் ஒரு குறிப்பிட்ட காலத்தில், ஒரு குறிப்பிட்டவரால் உருவாக்கப்பட்டது. உதாரணமாக புத்த மதம் புத்தரால் எற்படுத்தப்பட்டது. புத்தர் காலத்துக்கு முன்னால் அந்த மதம் இல்லை. ஆனால். நம் ஹிந்து மதமானது யாராலும் எற்படுத்தப்படவில்லை. காரணம் என்னவென்றால் வேதம் அபெளருஷேயம் (“अपौरुषेयम्”) – யாரும் வேதத்தை உருவாக்கவில்லை. ரிஷிகள் தங்கள் த்யானத்தில் வேத மந்த்ரங்களை உள்ளே தரிசித்து மக்களுக்கு கொடுத்தார்கள். ஆகவேதான் ரிஷிகளை மந்த்ர த்ரஷ்டா (मन्त्र द्रष्टा) அதாவது, “மந்த்ரத்தை பார்த்தவர்கள்” என்று சொல்வார்கள். வேதத்தை யாராலும் அழிக்கவே முடியாது. அவை ஒலி ஒளி அலைகளாக ஆகாயத்தில் எப்போதும் உள்ளன. எனவே தான் ஹிந்து மதத்தை அறிவியல் சார்ந்தது, ஆத்ம அறிவியலாவது என்று கொண்டாடுகிறார்கள்.

வேதம் மூன்று பிரிவுகளாக பிரிக்கபட்டுள்ளது. அவை கர்ம காண்டம், உபாசன காண்டம் மற்றும் ஞான காண்டம். வேதத்தின் சிகரம் என்று எடுத்துக்கொண்டால் அது ஞான கண்டம் ஆகும். மற்ற இரண்டு காண்டங்களின் நோக்கமே ஞானத்தை அடைவதுதான். உபனிஷதங்கள் என்று சொல்லப்படும் வேதாந்த்ங்கள் எல்லாம், ஞான காண்டத்திலேயே உள்ளன. அத்வைதம், விசிஷ்டாத்வைதம், த்வைதம் போன்ற பல்வேறு தத்வங்களை விளக்கிய, ஶ்ரீ சங்கரர், ஶ்ரீ ராமானுஜர், மற்றும் ஶ்ரீ மத்வர் ஆகிய மூவருமே, வேதத்தின் சாரம், உபனிடதங்கள்தான் என்பதில் எந்தவித கருத்து வேறுபாடும் இல்லாமல் இருந்தார்கள்.

இப்படிப்பட்ட வேதத்தின் சாரத்தை பகவான் ஶ்ரீ க்ருஷ்ண பரமாத்மா மஹாபாரதத்தில் பகவத் கீதையாக கொடுத்தார். இதனை ஶ்ரீ ஆதி சங்கரர் பரம்பரையில் வந்த ஶ்ரீ மதுசூதன சரஸ்வதி, கீதா த்யான ஸ்லோகத்தில் கூறுகிறார்.

“सर्वोपनिष्दो गावो ;दोग्धा गोपाल नन्दन:”

पार्थो वत्स: सुधी: भोक्ता दुग्धम् गीता अम्रुतम् महत्”

இதனுடய பொருள் என்னவென்றால், “எல்லா உபனிஷதங்களும் பசுக்கள். பால் கறக்கும் இடையன் கோபாலன். அர்ஜுனன் கன்று; நல்ல புத்திசாலி; பால் குடிக்க இருக்கின்றது. கீதை, சிறந்த அமுதமயமான பால்.” ஆக, இதில் இருந்து கீதை, உபனிஷதங்களின் சாரம் என்று தெரிகிறது. கண்ணன் கீதையிலே பதினெட்டு அத்யாயங்களில், 721 ஸ்லோகங்களில் வேத ஸாரத்தை பிழிந்து கொடுத்துள்ளார். அதில் மூன்று ஸ்லோகங்கள் மிகவும் முக்கியமானவை: முதலாவது,

“मत्त; परतरम् नान्यत् किन्चिदस्ति धनन्जय!

मयि सर्वम् इदम् प्रोतम् सूत्रे मणिगणाविव !!  (7-7)

இதன் அர்த்தம் என்னவென்றால், “எனக்குமேல் எந்த பரம்பொருளும் இல்லை அர்ஜுனா, இந்த உலகம் முழுவதும் என்னுள் ஒரு கயற்றில் மாலை போல உள்ளன.”

நமக்கு முதல் வாக்யம் முக்யம். அதாவது கண்ணனே பரம்பொருள். கண்ணன் நாராயணின் அவதாரமாதலால், நாராயணே பரம்பொருள் என்று கூறுகிறார். வேதத்திலும், நாரயண அனுவாகத்தில், “नारयण परम्ब्रह्म तत्वम् नारयण: पर:”  என்று கூறப்பட்டுள்ளது.

இரண்டாவதாக

“दैवीह्येषा गुणमयी मम माया दुरत्यया!

मामेव ये प्रपध्यन्ते मायाम् एताम् तरन्ति ते !! (7-14).

இதில் கண்ணன் என்ன சொல்கிறார் என்றால், ”இந்த மாயையை கடப்பது மிகவும் கடினம். என் ஒருவனை எவன் சரண் அடைகின்றானோ, அவன் இந்த மாயயை கடக்கிறான்.”

மூன்றவதாக, சரம ஸ்லோகம் என்னும்படியான (கண்ணன் அர்ஜுனனுக்கு கூறிய) கடைசி உபதேசம்).

“सर्व धर्मान् परित्यज्य माम् एकम् शरणम् व्रज!

अहम् त्वा सर्व पापेभ्यो मोक्षयिष्यामि मा शुच:  !!” (18-66)

கண்ணன் உரைப்பது என்னவெனில்,” அர்ஜுனா, நீ எல்லா தர்மங்களயும் விட்டு விட்டு என் ஒருவனை சரண் அடை. நான் உன்னை எல்லா பாவங்களிலிருந்தும் விடுவித்து உனக்கு மோக்ஷம் அளிக்கிறேன் கவலைப்படாதே!”.

இந்த மூன்று ஸ்லோகங்களும், வைணவ சம்ப்ரதாயத்தின் மூன்று அங்கங்களான தத்வம், ஹிதம், புருஷார்த்தம் இவைகளை விளக்குகின்றன.

  1. ஶ்ரீமன் நாரயணே பர தத்வம் (முதல் ஸ்லோகம்)
  2. அவன் ஒருவனை சரணாகதி அடைவதே உய்ய வழி (இரண்டாவது ஸ்லோகத்தின் இரண்டாம் பகுதி மற்றும், மூன்றாவது ஸ்லோகத்தின் முதல் பகுதி).
  3. அடையவேண்டிய லக்ஷியம் மோக்ஷம். அதை கொடுப்பவன் ஶ்ரீமன் நாரயணனே. (மூன்றாவது ஸ்லோகம் இரண்டாவது பகுதி).

வேதம் நம் மதத்தின் மூலமாக இருந்தாலும், அதை அத்யயனம் செய்வதற்கோ அல்லது அதன் அர்த்தத்தை தெரிந்துகொள்ளவோ நியமங்கள் இருக்கின்றன. எப்படி ஒரு அறிவியல் பரிசோதனைக்குத் தேவையான உபகரணங்கள், சீதோஷணம் இன்னபிற தேவைகள் எல்லாம் அவசியமோ அது போல. வேதங்களை எல்லாரும் அறிந்துகொள்ள இயலாது. ஆனால் நம்மைப்போன்ற சாமான்ய மக்களும் வேதத்தின் உட்பொருளை அறிந்து கொள்ள வேண்டும் என்று ரிஷிகளும் முனிவர்களும் விழைந்தனர். ஆகவே, இதிஹாச புராணங்களை இயற்றினர்.

உதாரணமாக, தைத்தரீய உபனிடத்தில் குருவானவர் கல்வி முடிந்து வெளி உலகுக்கு செல்லும் சீடர்களுக்கு அறிவுரை கூறும் முதல் பகுதி “சிக்ஷா வல்லி”. ஆதில் ஒரு இடத்தில் “सत्यम् वद”  “सत्यात् न् प्रमतितव्यम्”. என்று சொல்கிறார். இதன் பொருள் “ உண்மை பேசு”. “உண்மையில் இருந்து வழுவாமல் இரு”. இதை உலகுக்கு உணர்த்த, வ்யாச பகவான் மஹாபாரத இதிஹாசத்தில் ஹரிசந்த்ர கதையின் வாயிலாக நம் அனைவருக்கும் உணர்த்துகிறார். இதை எதற்காக சொல்கிறேன் என்றால், எல்லா புராணங்களும், இதிஹாசங்களும் வேதத்தை ஒட்டியே அமைந்துள்ளன.

அப்படிப்பட்ட இதிஹாசங்களுள் ஒன்றான இராமயணத்தில் இராமன் விபீஷணனுக்கு அடைக்கலம் கொடுக்கும்போது இவ்வாறாக சொல்கிறார்.

सकृतेव प्रन्नाय तवास्मीतिच याचते ! अभयम् सर्व भूतेभ्यो ददामेतत् व्रतम् मम !!

“எந்த ஒரு ஜீவன் “நான் உன்னுடயவனாக இருக்கிறேன்” என்று என்னிடம் சரண் அடைகிறனோ, அந்த ஜீவனுக்கு நான் உடனடியாக, அபயம் அளிக்கிறேன். இது என்னுடய வ்ரதம்” என்று ஶ்ரீ இராமசந்த்ர மூர்த்தி கூறுகிறார்.. இதுவும், கீதையின் சார ஸ்லோகம் போல உள்ளது. ஆகவே, வேதத்தின் ஒரு முக்ய கருத்து, இறைவனிடம் சரண் அடைவதே.

வைணவ சம்ப்ரதாயதில் பெரியவர்களை உ.வே என்று அழைப்பார்கள். இதன் பொருள் “உபய வேதாந்தி”. அதாவது, இரண்டு வேதாந்தங்களையும் அறிந்தவர். வட மொழி வேதாந்தம் (உபனிஷதங்கள்) மற்றும் தமிழ் வேதாந்தங்கள் கற்றவர்கள். ஆழ்வார்கள் இயற்றிய திவ்யப்ரபந்தங்கள் தமிழ் வேதாந்தங்கள் ஆகும். பன்னிரண்டு ஆழ்வார்கள் நாலாயிரம் பாடல்கள் கூறியுள்ளார்கள். அவர்கள் அனைவரும் பல்வேறு காலத்தில் தோன்றியவர்கள். ஆனால் மேலே கூறிய, கீதையின் சாரத்தை தெள்ளத்தெளிவாக சொல்லுகிறார்கள். 1) ஶ்ரீமந் நாரயணனே பர தத்வம்.2) அவனிடம் பக்தி செலுத்துவதே நம் கடன். 3) மோக்ஷத்தை அடைவது நம் குறிக்கொள். அதை தருவதும் அவனே.

இந்த பன்னிரெண்டு ஆழ்வார்களிலே பெண் ஆழ்வாராக இருப்பவர் கோதையாகிய நம் ஆண்டாள். இவருடய இயற்பெயர் கோதா. வடமொழியிலே “கோதா” என்றால் பூமியால் கொடுக்கப்பட்டவள் என்று பொருள். இந்த கோதா நாச்சியார் அயோனி ஜன்மத்தவர். கர்பவாசம் செய்யாதவர். பெரியாழ்வாரால் நந்தவனத்தில் கண்டெடுக்கப்பட்டு அவரால் வளர்க்கப்பட்டவள். இவள் பூமி தேவியின் அம்சமாக பிறந்தவள் என்று கூறுவர். ஶ்ரீ வேதாந்த தேசிகன் தம்முடய “கோதா ஸ்துதி “ என்ற க்ரந்தத்திலே முதல் ஸ்லோகத்தில் கோதா தேவி சாக்ஷாத் பூமி பிராட்டி என்று சொல்கிறார்.

“साक्षात् क्षमाम् करुणया कमलाविव अन्याम् ! गोदाम् अनन्य शरणम् शरणम् प्र्पद्ये !!

வராஹ புராணத்தில் பகவான் வராஹ உருவம் எடுத்து பூமி தேவியை ஹிரண்யாக்ஷனிடம் இருந்து காப்பாற்றி பூமி பிராட்டிக்கு உபதேசம் செய்தார். பூமி தேவி கோதாவாகத் தோன்றி மக்களுக்கு 143 பாசுரங்கள் கொடுத்தார். அந்த நாச்சியார் திருமொழியிலே முக்யமானது திருப்பாவை. என்ற முப்பது பாசுரங்கள். எம்பெருமானார் ஶ்ரீ ராமானுஜர் இந்த முப்பது பாசுரங்களை எப்போதும் அனுசந்தானம் செய்து வந்ததனால் அவரை திருப்பாவை ஜீயர் என்றும் அழைப்பார்கள்.

பதினைந்தாம் நூற்றாண்டில் வாழ்ந்த வேதப்பிரான் பட்டர் தென்கலை ஆசார்யர்களில் ஒருவரான மணவாள மாமுனிகளின் பேரன் ஆவார். அவர் ஆண்டாளுக்கு “வாழி திருநாமம்” பாடியுள்ளார். அது மட்டுமல்லாமல், ஆண்டாள் பிறந்த ஶ்ரீ வில்லிபுத்தூரையும் மற்றும் திருப்பாவையையும் உயர்வாகப் பாடி உள்ளார். திருப்பாவையைப் பற்றி கூறும்போது,

“வேதம் அனைத்துக்கும் வித்தாகும் கோதை தமிழ் ஐந்தும்
ஐந்தும் அறியாத மானிடரை வையம் சுமப்பதும் வம்பு”

என்று சொல்கிறார். இந்த முப்பது பாசுரமும் வேதம் அனைத்துக்கும் வித்து. நமக்கு நியாயமான ஒரு ஐயம் தோன்றுகிறது. “வேதம் அனாதி காலத்தில் இருந்து உள்ளது. திருப்பாவை இந்த யுகத்தில் இயற்றப்பட்டது. அப்படி இருக்க, அது எப்படி வேதத்துக்கு விதை ஆக முடியும்?”.

திருப்பாவைதான் வேதத்துக்கு காரணம் என்பது இதன் பொருள் அல்ல.

விதை சூக்ஷ்மமாக மரம், கிளை, பூ, பழம் எல்லாவற்றையும் தன்னுள் அடக்கிக்கொண்டு மரதின் சாரமாக உள்ளது. அதே போல, திருப்பாவை, வேதத்தின் சாரமாகவே உள்ளது. இது எப்படி என்பதை கீழே பார்ப்போம்.

  1. நாம், வேதத்தின் சாரமான கீதையில், பரத்வம் ஶ்ரீமன் நாரயணன் (நான்) என்று கண்ணன் சொன்னதை மேலே பார்த்தோம். அதை கண்ணன் ஏழாவது அத்யாயத்திலே கூறினான். அனால் கோதா நாச்சியாரோ முதல் பாசுரத்திலேயே, “நாரயணனே நமக்கே பறை தருவான்” என்று ஏகாரத்துடன் பரத்வத்தை நிர்ணயம் செய்கிறாள். கண்ணனே நாரயணன் என்பதையும், முதலில் உள்ள விசேஷணங்களால் நந்தகோபன் குமரன், யசோதை இளம் சிங்கம், போன்ற சொற்களால் விளக்குகிறாள். ஶ்ரீமத் பாகவதமும் “कृष्णस्तु भगवान् स्वयम्” அதாவது கண்ணன் ஶ்ரீமன் நாராயணனே என்று அறுதியிட்டு சொல்கிறது.
  2. அவனை சரண் அடைவதே நாம் செய்யவெண்டியது. (கீதை ஸ்லோகம் 7-14 மற்றும் 18-66). ஆண்டாள், 24 வது பாசுரத்திலே, “அன்றி இவ்வுலகம் அளந்தாய் அடி போற்றி. சென்று எங்கும் தென்னிலங்கை செற்றாய் திறல் போற்றி” என்று, பகவான் திருவடிகளில் சரண் அடைகிறாள்.
  3. அடையவேண்டிய லக்ஷியம் மோக்ஷம்; மோக்ஷத்தை அளிப்பவன் ஶ்ரீமன் நாராயணன். முதல் பாசுரத்திலேயெ ஆண்டாள், “நாராயணனே நமக்கே பறை தருவான்” என்று சொல்கிறாள். இதில் “பறை” என்ற சொல், நோன்புக்கு தேவையான இசைக்கருவி ஆகும். அனால் இதன் உள்ளர்த்தம் “ மோக்ஷம்”. ஆண்டாள் “நாரயண” நாமத்தை மூன்று பாசுரங்களில் உபயோகித்துள்ளாள். முதல் பாசுரம், ஏழாம் பசுரம் மற்றும் பத்தாம் பாசுரம். இதில் முதல் பாசுரம் மற்றும் பத்தாம் பாசுரத்தில், “நாராயண” நாமம் வரும் இடத்தில் “பறை” என்ற சொல்லையும் பயன்படுத்தியுள்ளாள். ஆகவே “மோக்ஷம் தருபவன் நாராயணணே” என்று தெள்ளத்தெளிவாக உரைக்கின்றாள்.
  4. வைணவ சித்தாந்த்திலே மோக்ஷம் என்பது ஶ்ரீ வைகுண்டத்தை அடைந்து பகவானுக்கு தொண்டு புரிவதே ஆகும். இதை ஆண்டாள், இருபத்தொன்பதாவது பாசுரதின் இறுதியில் பகவத் கைங்கர்யத்தை விழைகிறாள் “உனக்கே நாம் ஆட்செய்வோம்”.

வேதங்கள் பல்லயிரக்கணக்கான மந்த்ரங்கள் மூலமாகக் கூறிய கருத்துக்களை, கண்ணன், பல நுறு ஸ்லோகங்களில் சொன்னார். அதை மேலும் சுருக்கி கோதா நாச்சியார் முப்பது பாசுரங்களில் திரட்டி கொடுத்தாள். ஆகவே வேதம் அனைத்தும் மரம் என்றால் திருப்பாவை, விதை ஆகும். அது மட்டுமல்லாமல் வேதங்கள் (மறை) மறைமுகமாக கூறியவற்றை உள்ளங்கை நெல்லிக்கனியாக உரைத்தாள் ஆண்டாள். ஆகவே, தமிழ் கற்ற நாம் அனைவரும் திருப்பாவை கற்று அதன் பொருளை அறிந்து பிறவிப்பயனை அடைவோமாக. அவ்வாறு செய்யாவிட்டால் வேதப்பிரான் பட்டர் கூறியதுபோல்,” கோதை தமிழ் ஐந்தும் அறியாத மானிடரை வையம் சுமப்பதும் வம்பு”; அதாவது நாம் பூமிக்கு பாரமாகிவிடுவோம்!

~ ராமபத்ரன்

~ படங்கள் உதவி – Flickr, Pinterest – நன்றி!

The GOS 212 – Perumal & Adiyen 12 – Testing time for Agastya Himself!

The Grace of Siddha series can be read here.

The answers of Agastya Muni to the generic questions posted by devotees can be found here.

The readers are requested to send their spiritual experiences related to the Siddhas to GnanaBoomi at Gmail dot com. Though the experiences are unique and personal to them, it can shower some light or guidance to those who read them. Thanks!

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Though the Lord had taken avatar in Tirumala like that of Kalki avatar, it was indeed Kali Purusha who gave a lot of tests to the Lord himself. He desperately wanted people to forget devotion and to have the dominance of demonic qualities. But all his efforts towards this mission was scattered in to pieces. He tortured an innocent yet best of the rishis as much as possible. But it became beneficial for the rishi himself where he was highly recognised when the Lord named one of the seven holy hills after the rishi’s name Virushachala.

Narada had a desire!

He wanted to know how the lord is going to name the rest of the hills. It will anyway take some time, so Narada wanted to roam around the earth and he wanted a company. Who will be the rightly qualified one for this he thought and Agastya Muni flashed in his mind. He approached Agastya.

“You are a Triloka Sanchari (the one who roams around all the three worlds – tri – three, loka – world, sanchari – the one who roams). Wherever you go, you have the skill to escape out of any situation. I don’t think I can do so. I am thinking of going to Podhigai hills and do tapasya for some time.” – said Agastya.

“Oh you didn’t know? There is a place called Sri Sailam near Tirumala. I heard that Lord Shiva is going to stay here with Parvati Devi for some time.” – said Narada.

“Is it?! This is a great news!” – said Agastya.

“Instead of going to Kailash, we could get a beautiful darshan of Lord Shiva right here in Sri Sailam. I am thinking of going there. I would be very happy if you come along.”

“One must be blessed indeed to have His darshan.”

“Then why wait? Let’s have the Shiva Darshan and go in proceed with our paths thereafter.”

“Fair indeed. My mind wants to stay in Tirumala for some more time and witness the divine play of Lord Narayana. As the spring has come, I also want to witness the beauty of Podhigai hills.” – said Agastya.

“I am calling you to Sri Sailam. Now your condition is like the ant which is in the middle of a fire burning in three sides.” – said Narada sarcastically.

“I have heard this proverb usually as ‘ant with fire on both sides of the stick’. What is this three sides? Can you explain?”

“Sure! You came to Tirumala to have darshan. You want to go to Podhigai hills to witness its beauty. You are restless without Shiva Darshan also. When such a Maha Purusha like you can have this swaying of mind, what can others do?”

Agastya thought for a while.

“What is there to think? Let us first go and have the darshan of Shiva-Parvathi, the rarest of all darshans. Then you may stay in Tirumala or go to Podhigai, up to you.” – Narada was determined. Agastya agreed thinking that whatever Narada says might be correct indeed. As they proceeded, a thundrous voice was heard:

“Who is it? Stop right there!”

“Who are you? Where are you talking from?” – they responded back. But that Mayavi (one who is well versed in magical tricks) put his iron hands on both of them. Though they were able to release themselves from that iron hold through the power of their tapasya, they were shocked to see that Rakshasa who stopped them in the Sri Sailam jungle. They figured out that fighting this demon is next to impossible.

That demon ‘Vrushabachalam’ laughed aloud which echoed across the jungle, causing terror to those who heard it. Agastya got very frustrated at Narada. He had pulled myself to have Shiva Darshan but what I am having is the darshan of a demon! Narada looked at Agastya with a meaningful look which said, “I am not the reason for this mess.”

Agastya could have sprinkled a few drops of holy water from his Kamandalu and burned that asura. But he could not do so!

“Who is this kulla (dwarf) muni?” – asked the demon.

“Not Kulla Muni, but refer to him respectfully as Kumba Muni (read the story of the origin of river Kaveri) O Asura!” – warned Narada.

“What’s the need? Why should I?”

“He is the son of Lord Shiva. He is the foremost of all Siddhas. You may have heard about the holy trinity (Brahma, Vishnu & Shiva). Consider him the fourth. Be careful and be respectful.” – said Narada.

“O Narada, do you know to whom you are talking to?” – asked the demon.

“I do, very well. You are the embodiment of all the evil in the world.”

“That is enough for me. You are saved because you are Narada. Not a single insect comes in to this place without my permission. You have but come here with this dwarf.”

“Why can’t we enter this place? Did Maheshwara give you the power of attorney to this place? This is Earth. We will go where we please to. You cannot stop us.” – Agastya muni said angrily.

“O dwarf muni! You are talking way too above your limits. Just see there on what happened to such munis who spoke beyond their limits.” – the asura laughed alound and pointed a place where many a Rishis were tied to trees, deeply wounded. The huts made by them were burnt down. Some of the rishis were being bitten by wild animals such as fox, tiger and cheetah, even dogs, all these were supervised by a few demons.

Some of the rishis were hanged upside down with fire burning right beneath them. The humans who walked there by mistake were thrown in to huge vessels with boiling water inside them. The demons were enjoying all these.

Agastya could not control himself!

He took some water from his kamandalu thinking that this asura should not be spared even for a second, and he began to do his mantra japa with the water in his palm. Narada got scared on seeing this for Agastya can do anything! But this demon had to be destroyed by Venkatava. So he began to speak.

“Vrushabasura!”

“What?!”

“It is indeed our mistake to have walked in without your permission. Please forgive us, we shall go our way.”

“Very well! Now you understood me right. But what is this dwarf doing with water in his hand, murmering something?”

“He is praying to Lord Shiva.”

“Why?”

“To give you the right mind. To show you that the rishi munis who came to this holy land to pray can be saved through prayers.”

“Narada. I shall spare you for you openly asked for an apology. But I won’t spare this dwarf. He has to undergo the tortures.”

“It is not possible Vrushabasura!”

“Why not?”

“You are underestimating Agastya who is the son of Lord Shiva himself, who is the right hand of Venkatava. It is safe for you if you do not go near him.”

Vrushabasura laughed aloud on hearing this.

“I was thus sparing him all the while because of you. Now I am going to swallow him.”

The asura grew enormously. He looked dangerous with his teeth growing sharp and shining. He picked up Agastya with his little finger and took Him near his mouth. Right then…

“Vrushabasura!” – a thundrous tone was heard which even scared the asura himself!

Lord Shiva Himself stood there with flashing eyes and His trident. Narada’s joy and devotion knew no bounds. Agastya’s eyes were filled with tears on Lord Shiva’s darshan. He folded his hands in devotion.

“We came to have your darshan, but got stuck in between.” – said Narada.

“O Three Eyed Lord! Many many thanks for giving us your darshan. I can simply destroy this asura. Why do you have to trouble yourself? To tear a grass, there is no need of a tiger’s claws!” – said Agastya.

But surprisingly, the asura was not moved or shaken by these conversations. He asked Shiva, “What, the Three Eyed One! Have you forgotten the promise you made?”

The Lord Almighty rested His trident on His broad chest and breathed, “Yes, I forgot. I had granted some rights as a result of your tapasya. I am now under the spell of my son’s love.”

“You spoke right. You yourself cannot enter this place without my permission. How can I then allow this dwarf?”

“Vrushabasura! I came to remind you this – Vinasa Kale Vibareedha Buddhi. I will stay here. Not just these two, who ever comes here should not be blocked or disturbed by you. Else, my trident will separate your head from your body.” – said Shiva.

“O Lord! You had but promised me that you won’t kill me when you gave me the boons, remember?” – the asura laughed.

As Shiva stood silent, Agastya sprinkled the holy water from his kamandalu by chanting a mantra.

Featured image courtesy: Go Tirupati

~ to be continued…!

The GOS 211 – Perumal & Adiyen 11 – Virushachalam

The Grace of Siddha series can be read here.

The answers of Agastya Muni to the generic questions posted by devotees can be found here.

The readers are requested to send their spiritual experiences related to the Siddhas to GnanaBoomi at Gmail dot com. Though the experiences are unique and personal to them, it can shower some light or guidance to those who read them. Thanks!

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A number of unexplainable miracles are still happening in the Tirumala till date. The Kali Purusha was working full swing in spoiling the minds of people. They do everything without the realization that they are under his spell. If they only stop and contemplate for a second, think of Lord Venkatava, they will come out of his spell. But is Kali that easy to give up? Before Tirumala was formed, there was a small town nearby with opulence of greenery. A king ruled it and its surroundings. His name was Virushachalam.

Though he was not a literate, he was naturally intelligent and devoted. But what surpassed all these was his mercy. His parents was worried about this very quality which doesn’t match quite well in being a king. How is he going to win his enemies and protect his kingdom, they worried. They called upon an astrologer to ask about Virushachalam who was an ardent devotee of Lord Narayana. He examined the horoscope of Virushachalam and said this:

“He would prefer ruling the jungle than the kingdom. It is not a good idea to have him rule this kingdom.”

The parents were shocked and asked if there is a way to have his mind changed towards being a king. The astrologer said that no remedial measure would help and its good to leave him as he pleases. The parents were reluctant, how can we leave all these wealth and these innocent people of our kingdom who believe in Virushachalam. Then the minister said:

“O King. Do not worry. Let the prince live the way he wants by doing service to the lord. If you wish, I shall rule this place as his representative.”

The king got angry, “How can a minister rule when Virushachalam is here?”

The minister gave a thoughtful look at the astrologer and asked, “Isn’t how it is mentioned in the horoscope?” The astrologer got scared and he nodded his head, never opened his mouth. The king said that he will counsel with other ministers, well wishers and in front of the Rajya Sabha and decide thereafter.

“O King. I am not after the post of the king. I am just concerned that your clan should not end with Virushachalam. Not only that, there is not going to be a brother or sister born to Virushachalam hereafter. Above all, I do have some rights over this kingdom.”

“How dare you, on what basis are you saying this?” – roared the queen.

“O Sister! You gave me this important role of minister in this kingdom. I am reminding you just that. Not just that, when the enemies came here, I saved your husband the King by taking him in to the jungle. You had then promised that you will give whatever I want. Plus, your son is chanting Narayana Narayana all the time. How can he be the king?”

“So you should be crowned as the king and Virushachalam is to be sent to the jungle?”

“That is up to you.” – said the minister.

“The first mistake is to appoint you as the minister. The second is to call this astrologer for a discussion.”

“Meaning?”

“From this second, I deprive you of this minister post. In two days, you should quit this kingdom.” – said the King.

The minister was not swayed by this statement. He took the astrologer whom he brought away, angrily. The next day, without no one’s expectation happened was the ceremony of Virushachalam anointed as the king amidst the Vedic chants by the priests.

“O Father. Why don’t you continue to rule this place while I go to places like Badrinath, Kailash, Rishikesh and pray to the almighty. Please allow me.”

The king did not consent. The news of the new king reached the public. Though they were very happy, they couldn’t understand why the king took this decision so soon. They thought that the king might have witnessed ‘Dhoomakethu’, a comet by which he must have hastened the decision to action. The ceremony which was supposed to happen in front of every public, why it happened secretly in the palace was not clear to the public though they didn’t express anything.

The King and Queen were relieved that their son has become the king. While they were lying down peaceful at night, the minister killed both with his men. The news spread like a wildfire the next morning. The King and Queen are killed by the minister! The public went rampage in front of the minster’s house. He knew that he cannot escape the public and so he ran away to a nearby hill. When he turned back, he saw a whole mass of public behind him and so he ran without control only to fall down from the hill. He never woke up again alive.

Virushachalam was frustrated with the happenings. He decided that he is not going to be a king in this material world. He called upon five of the loyal ministers and wrote a power of attorney for them to rule the place and made several welfare plans to the public, making them official. He went out on pilgrimage, visited many parts of India by foot, took holy dip in many a holy rivers. He naturally became a lovely devotee in Lord Narayana’s heart. Virushachalam reached Koneri river and lived as one among the other Munivars and became an ardent Tapasvi. This is when Kali Purusha spotted him.

We read what happened thereafter. After this incident, Lord Narayana named the first holy hills of Tirumala after Virushachalam, the king who is an ardent devotee of the Lord.

PS: This is different from the present day names of the Seven Hills. But the above is narrated by Agastya Muni in the Jeeva Nadi.

Featured image courtesy: Go Tirupathi!

~ to be continued…!